Reference: Modified APA Style
All information that is not your own thought needs to be cited within the posts.
Textual references will follow typical APA Style. For example, a reference to an
idea‟s source might be constructed in one of the following methods:
Since 1998, a number of hospitals have adopted the democratic leadership style
over the autocratic style employed in the past for quality circles (Swarbrick &
Swarbrick and Pegg (2004) concluded that, since 1998, hospital quality circles
have adopted a democratic leadership style replacing the once prevalent
autocratic mode of control
Direct quotations must include page numbers as shown below.
Nicol (2006) observed that “a myriad of problems has arisen with Microsoft‟s
aggressive nature in releasing products before they were adequately tested” (p.
Nicol observed that “a myriad of problems has arisen with Microsoft‟s aggressive
nature in releasing products before they were adequately tested” (2006, p. 296).
Since there is a minimum level of control of the formatting within the
discussion room, all reference listings will follow APA guidelines with some
exceptions. References will be placed at the end of the post and will be single
spaced and not contain any indentation. Double space between each entry as
Nicol, S. (2006). Pass go and give me $200 – Monopoly and antitrust in American
information technology corporations. Montville, CT: The Gardner Group.
O‟Day, H.E. (n.d.) [Data file]. The geology of Mt. Desert Island. Tremont, ME:
Down East Historical Consortium. Retrieved June 8, 2006 from http://www.acadia.org/mt_desert_island/geology.htm.
Swarbrick, D. & Pegg, D. (2004). Groupthink in medical care: A case management
approach, 2nd ed. London, ON: Fairport Press.
Zay, E. (2003, November). Copyright guidelines for educators. American Teacher
29(6). pp. 45-56.